宇宙膨胀和大尺度结构

出版社:世界图书出版公司
出版日期:2009-1
ISBN:9787506292788
页数:400页

章节摘录

插图:

作者简介

《宇宙膨胀和大尺度结构》主要内容:The 1990s have seen substantial consolidation of theoretical cosmology, coupled with dramatic observational advances, including the emergence of an entirely new field of observational astronomy - the study of irregularities in the cosmic microwave background radiation. A key idea of modern cosmology is cosmological inflation, which is a possible theory for the origin of all structures in the Universe, including ourselves! The time is ripe for a new book describing this field of research.

书籍目录

Frequently used symbolsPreface1  INTRODUCTION  1.1  This book  1.2  The Universe we see  1.3  Overview: From cosmological inflation to large-scale structure  1.4  Notes on examples2  THE HOT BIG BANG COSMOLOGY  2.1  The expanding Universe  2.2  Epochs  2.3  Scales  2.4  The cosmic microwave background  2.5  Ingredients for a model of the Universe  2.6  History of our Universe  Examples3  INFLATION  3.1  Motivation for inflation  3.2  Inflation in the abstract  3.3  Scalar fields in cosmology  3.4  Slow-roll inflation  3.5  Exact solutions  3.6  Hamilton-Jacobi formulation of inflation  3.7  Inflationary attractor  3.8  Reheating: Recovering the Hot Big Bang  3.9  Thermal inflation  Examples4  SIMPLEST MODEL FOR THE ORIGIN OF STRUCTURE I  4.1  Introduction  4.2  Sequence of events  4.3  Gaussian perturbations  4.4  Density perturbation: Newtonian treatment  4.5  The Baryon density contrast: Newtonian treatment  4.6  Cosmological perturbation theory  4.7  Evolution equations  4.8  Outside the horizon  4.9  Peculiar velocity in the relativistic domain  Examples5  SIMPLEST MODEL FOR THE ORIGIN OF STRUCTURE II  5.1  From horizon entry to galaxy formation  5.2  The cosmic microwave background anisotropy  5.3  Polarization  5.4  Reionization  Examples6  EXTENSIONS TO THE SIMPLEST MODEL  6.1  Modifying the cold dark matter hypothesis  6.2  ACDM model  6.3  Open CDM model  6.4  Fine tuning issues  6.5  Gravitational waves  6.6  Isocurvature perturbations  Examples7 SCALAR FIELDS AND THE VACUUM FLUCTUATION  7.1  Classical scalar field  7.2  Quantized free scalar field in fiat space-time  7.3  Several scalar fields  7.4  Vacuum fluctuation of inflaton field  7.5  Spectrum of the primordial curvature perturbation  7.6  Beyond the slow-roll approximation  7.7  Gravitational waves  7.8  Generating an isocurvature perturbation  7.9  A multicomponent inflaton?  Examples8  BUILDING AND TESTING MODELS OF INFLATION  8.1  Overview  8.2  Form of the scalar field potential  8.3  Single-field models  8.4  Hybrid inflation models  8.5  The spectral index as a discriminator  8.6  Models from extended theories of gravity  8.7  Open inflation models  Examples9  THE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND  9.1  Large angles and the cosmic background explorer (COBE) satellite  9.2  Degree-scale observations and acoustic oscillations  9.3  Aspects of microwave anisotropy satellites  Examples10  GALAXY MOTIONS AND CLUSTERING  10.1  Clustering of galaxies  10.2  Galaxy velocities  Examples11  THE QUASI-LINEAR REGIME  11.1  Gravitational collapse  11.2  Press-Schechter theory  11.3  Theory of peaks  11.4  Numerical simulations  11.5  Applications of Press-Schechter theory  11.6  Reionization of the Universe  Examples12  PUTTING OBSERVATIONS TOGETHER  12.1  Observations  12.2  Critical-density models  12.3  Low-density models  12.4  Other options  12.5  Summary13 OUTLOOK FOR THE FUTURE14 ADVANCED TOPIC: COSMOLOGICAL PERTURBATION THEORY  14.1  Special relativity  14.2  Fluid flow in special relativity  14.3  Special relativity using generic coordinates  14.4  General relativity  14.5  Cosmological perturbations  14.6  Evolution of the perturbations  Examples15 ADVANCED TOPIC: DIFFUSION AND FREESTREAMING  15.1  Matter  15.2  Gas dynamics in flat space-time  15.3  Gas dynamics in the perturbed Universe  15.4  Multipoles and the Boltzmann hierarchy  15.5  Polarization  15.6  Initial conditions and the u'ansfer functions  ExamplesAppendix: Constants and parametersNumerical solutions and hints for selected examplesReferencesIndex

内容概要

作者:(英国)安德鲁 (Andrew R.liddle) (英国)David H.lyth

前言

The 1990s have seen substantial consolidation of theoretical cosmology, coupled with dramatic observational advances, including the emergence of an entirely new field of observational astronomy - the study of irregularities in the cosmic microwave background radiation. A key idea of modern cosmology is cosmological inflation, which is a possible theory for the origin of all structures in the Universe, including ourselves! The time is ripe for a new book describing this field of research.This book is based loosely on our 1993 Physics Reports article. We have widened the range of discussion and have made much of the material more pedagogical. We believe that this book will prove useful to starting graduate students in cosmology, to active researchers specializing in the field, and to all levels in between.Our view of the inflationary cosmology and its consequences has been influenced by many people over the years. ARL especially thanks Alfredo Henriques and Gordon Moorhouse for showing the way into this research area. DHL would like particularly to acknowledge a long term collaboration with Ewan Stewart. Much thanks is due to all our collaborators on the topics within this book, namely Mark Abney, Domingos Barbosa, Tiago Barreiro, John Barrow, Marco Bruni, Ted Bunn, Ed Copeland, Laura Covi, George Ellis, Mary Galliard, Juan Garcia-Bellido, Anne Green, Louise Griffiths, Ian Grivell, Rocky Kolb, Andrew Laycock, Jim Lidsey, Andrei Linde, Anupam Mazumdar, Milan Miji~~, Manash Mukherjee, Hitoshi Murayama, Paul Parsons, Antonio Riotto, Dave Roberts, Leszek Roszkowski, Bob Schaefer, Franz Schunck, Douglas Scott, Qaisar Shaft, Ewan Stewart, Will Sutherland, Michael Turner, Pedro Viana, David Wands, Martin White, and Andrzej Woszczyna. Apart from our collaborators, we have had useful conversations with many others, far too many to mention. We hope they know who they are!We are extremely grateful to Andrei Linde, Martin White, and especially Gordon Moorhousefor their careful reading of the manuscript. The figures for Chapter 12 were made by Pedro Viana, and the compilation of cosmic microwave background anisotropy data shown in Figures 5.9 and 9.2 was kindly provided by Martin White. Many figures were made using the superb publically available CMBFAST code (Seljak and Zaldarriaga 1996), which we strongly recommend everyone to get.Although we wrote most of the book at our home institutes, occasionally we were some where more glamorous. ARL would like to thank the Universit di Padova, the University of New South Wales, and the Aspen Center for Physics, and DHL the University of California at Berkeley. ARL acknowledges the generous support of the Royal Society throughout this endeavour.

编辑推荐

《宇宙膨胀和大尺度结构》由世界图书出版公司出版。

图书封面


 宇宙膨胀和大尺度结构下载



发布书评

 
 


精彩短评 (总计4条)

  •     宇宙学领域,inflation一般翻译为暴涨,expansion才是膨胀。译者不是真的没有问题么?
  •     多年前就知道这本书了,但国内没有的卖,书是没什么说的,就是引进得太迟了。
  •     内容比较到位,野狗详细,只是标题译错了,infaltion应该是暴涨,而不是膨胀! 我用圆珠笔自己在书的封面上改过来了, 希望大家买来书后也这样做...
  •     纯英文 印刷很好 内容挺好的数学的东西不多不少
 

室内设计装饰装修,情感/家庭/婚姻,考研,科学家,中国当代小说,宗教,舞台艺术戏曲,外国法律图书下载,。 TXT教程网 

TXT教程网 @ 2017